Hon. Dr. Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete: President of the United Republic of Tanzania


Hon. Bernard Memmbe (MP): Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation


Hon. Benjamin William Mkapa: CFR Founder



Joaquim Alberto Chissano: CFR co-founder


Amb. Charles Asilia Sanga: Former Chairman of CFR governing Council



The International Diplomatic Review Journal (IDRJ)


About the IDRJ
The International Diplomatic Review Journal (IDRJ) is a reputable and prestigious journal published by the Centre for Foreign Relations (CFR) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The focus of the journal is in line with one of the Centre’s core functions which is to provide Competency Based Education Training (CBET), high quality research and consultancy services in the areas of Diplomacy, Protocol, International Relations and other related areas which are demand-driven, reflective and responsive to the community needs and dignity of Tanzanians.

Focus and Scope
The principal purpose of the journal is to publish scholarly work in a wide range of development issues namely; Great Lakes Region Crisis, Indian Ocean Security, Early Warning System, Local and International Conflict Management, and Post Conflict Reconstruction, Peacekeeping and Peace Building, Diaspora and Remittances for Development, Civil Military Relations, Terrorism and Counter Terrorism, Small Arms and light weapons, Human Security Issues, Human Trafficking and Drug Addiction, Economic and Cultural and Conference Diplomacy. Other issues include: International Investment and Tourism, Across Border Issues, Regional Cooperation, Democracy, Human Rights Issues and Elections, Strategic Negotiations and Mediation Skills, Refugees Issues and Forced Migrations, Diplomatic Communication Skills, Globalization issues, Climate and Food Security and Environment Diplomacy. The journal welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and academic excellence. 
The International Diplomatic Review Journal is envisaged as a peer reviewed journal to enable dissemination and sharing of well researched and analyzed social and economic development issues. The main aim is to disseminate information resulting from the research experience of Social Scientists working in all fields of Diplomacy, Protocol, International Relations and other related areas. It targets at serving local and international institutions working toward solving political, socio-economic and cultural problems and related issues in Tanzania, Africa and the wider global community.

The International Diplomatic Review Journal is open to both local and international contributors. The journal is produced in English. In the future, abstracts will be produced in both English and Kiswahili.

Publication Frequency
The journal is published twice a year i.e. in June and in December.


General Instructions to Authors

  • The IDRJ will consider manuscripts that have been submitted only to this journal and not papers that have been published already. In addition, the manuscript must not be under consideration for publication or in press in another journal
  • It is highly recommended that the manuscript be proof-read by a competent English language expert before submission.
  • Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced on the Microsoft Word, with page numbers at the bottom centre and using Times New Romans font of 12 points.

Types of Accepted Manuscripts

Original Research Articles: These should be based on new and carefully confirmed findings. Experimental procedures should be given in sufficient details for others to verify the work. The length of original articles should be between four and five thousand words (excluding abstract, references and tables). Tables, Figures or other illustrations should not exceed a total of six and should be based on original research.

Reviews: Submission of reviews and perspectives covering topics of current issues are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and not longer than six thousand words (excluding abstract, references and tables). Reviews must show critical analyses of the subjects reviewed giving current view of all the issues. The message carried in reviews should be clear and of significance.

Structure of the Manuscripts

Manuscripts for Research articles submitted to the IDRJ should be divided into the following sections:

Title: should only appear on the first page, be brief and focused on the contents of the paper. The Title page should include the authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone and e-mail contact information. Present addresses of authors should appear on the title page. 

Abstract: should be informative but brief. It has to state the scope and objectives of the study, methods employed, major findings, conclusion and recommendations. The Abstract should not exceed 250 words in length in one paragraph. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written using the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No sub-heading and literature should be cited in this section.

Key Words: should provide about 5 to 7 key words which clearly explain the manuscript theme and purpose. The first letter of each key word should be in lower case, be separated by a comma and avoid repeating words in the title.

Abbreviations: A list of non-standard abbreviations should be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text. Only recommended International System of Units (SI) units should be used.

Introduction: Should provide the background information, a clear statement of the problem and significance of the research carried out, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to the audience from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

Materials and methods: Should be complete enough to allow replication of the study. However, if new procedures are employed, they should be described in details. Previously published procedures should be cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be described briefly. Sub-headings such as study area, study design, type of population, sample size and sampling technique, data collecting tools, research questions and data analysis and validation methods can be used. Methods in general use need not be described in details.

Results: Should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should involve analysis, but without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section.

Discussion: Should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in past studies on same or similar topic i.e. comparing and contrasting the findings. The results and discussion sections can include sub-headings, and when appropriate, both sections can also be combined.

Conclusions and recommendations: Should come at the end of the paper. Here the author should briefly state what emanates from the study.

Acknowledgments: people who supported the author(s) for comments and in form of grants, funds, or in other ways should be briefly thanked.

Tables: Should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed single-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.

Figure legends:
Should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts. Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of References as shown in the example below. Citation in the text should refer to the author’s name and year of publication. Example: “Kaghuva (2006) argues that….”, “This is in agreement with previous report (Kakongo, 2006)”. If the authors are more than two, the name of the first author should be used followed by “et al.,”. In the list of references, however, names of first author and all co-authors should be mentioned.

Use semi-colons to separate multiple references and list in an alphabetical and not a chronological order. Examples:
One author: Mrisha (1992) or (Mngori, 1987).
Two authors: Kaguro and Kahemba (1992) or (Kaguro and Kahemba, 1992)
Three or more authors: Mrisha et al. (1992) or (Mrisha et al., 1992)
More than one identical reference: (Vuvee, 1992a or Vuvee, 1992b)
Multiple references: (Nakimo, 1992; Mnyika, 1995; Mavoo, 2010)


The following illustrates some common referencing formats.

Journal Article:

  • Mikalista, S. M. (2010). Gender-specific constraints affecting technology use and household food security in Western Province Kenya. African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development. Vol. 10, No. 4 April 2010.


  • Mugenda, O. and Mugenda, A. (1999). Research methods: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. African Center for Technology Studies (ACTS) Press, Nairobi. 233 pp.

Article or chapter in a book:

  • Trottier, B. (1987). Women in aquaculture production in West Africa. In Nash. C.E., Engle, C.R. and Crosetti, D. (Eds.). Women in Aquaculture. FAO ADCP/REP/87/28, pp. 17-28.

Dissertation or Thesis:

  • Hague, M. (1992). The economics and feasibility of Aquaculture in Northern Tanzania. B.A. Dissertation, University of Stirling, Scotland. 40 pp.
  • From the Website:

FAO (1997). Participation in practice. Lessons from the FAO people’s participation programme. Available at (visited on 10th October, 2010).

Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. Submitted manuscripts will be assessed from the editorial point of view, at first, and if found appropriate for publication, it will enter the peer-review process. To ensure unbiased review, reviewers will receive the blinded version of the manuscript. The corresponding author will then be informed of the evaluation along with the Editorial remarks. Authors of accepted articles will be asked to work on remarks and send back the manuscript to the editorial team to finalize publication. The journal discourages the submission of more than one article dealing with related aspects of the same study.

Please read the instructions to authors before submitting the manuscript. The manuscript files should be given the last name of the first author.

Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at (to be identified soon) and copy to A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author as soon as possible after receipt of the manuscript.

Manuscripts will be accepted for consideration on condition that they are submitted exclusively to The International Diplomatic Review Journal. This restriction does not apply to abstracts on press reports published in connection with scientific meetings.

It is a requirement that all authors must give a signed consent to publication. They should provide their names, qualifications, designations, current address including fax and e-mail numbers for purposes of correspondence. A covering letter signed by all authors should identify the corresponding author responsible for the manuscript. Credit for authorship requires substantial contributions to: (a) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; (b) the drafting of the article or critical revision for important intellectual content and (c) final approval of the version to be published.

Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.

Copyright Notice
Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal.

Privacy Statement
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

In House Editorial Team

  • Dr. Kitojo Wetengere
  • Dr. Mohammed Maundi
  • Dr. Bernard Achiula
  • Mr. Jeremiah Ponera
  • Mr. Antonio Kimambo

All activities of the Journal are under the guidance of an Editorial Team together with an Editorial Board of renowned experts from within and outside the Centre.

Editor in Chief
Dr. Kitojo Wetengere

Associate Editor
Mr. Antonio Kimambo

Address all submissions to:
The Editor in Chief,
The International Diplomatic Review Journal,
Centre for Foreign Relations (CFR),
P.O Box 2824,
Dar es Salam.
Tel: +255754487985
Fax :



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